A comprehensive list of those that have been charged for protesting and organizing rallies.

The following is an updated list of university students, activists, and musicians who have been charged with violations of Section 116 (sedition) of the Penal Code and Section 110 of the Criminal Code (committing an act of violence against the Queen or Her liberty).

The list tracks back to the first major political rally against Prime Minister Prayut Chan-ocha’s government on July 18.

The first protest leader was arrested on August 7, and so far, 21 people have been charged with sedition and three with violation of Section 110.

Violation of section 116 carries a maximum penalty of seven years in jail while violation of Section 110 carries a jail term of between 16 years to life imprisonment.

Here are the names of people who have been charged with sedition between July 18 and October 23:

  • Anon Numpha: A human rights lawyer and political activist working with the Thai Lawyers for Human Rights (TLHR) organization, specializing in helping people who have been convicted of political issues.

    He was the first speaker to talk about the reformation of the royal institution at a rally on August 3. On August 7, he became the first to be arrested for sedition and other charges related [minor violations] to the July 18 rally.

    In total, Anon, 36, is now being charged with four sedition charges which could see him jailed for up to 28 years. He has been arrested multiple times, most recently, he was arrested after the crackdown near the Government House on October 15, and moved to Chiang Mai Central Prison.

    He has been granted bail but he does not wish to post for it knowing that he will be rearrested again on other charges once released.

  • Prasiddhi “James” Grudharochana: A fourth-year history student and member of the Democratic Youth Party from Chiang Mai University. He was arrested on the same day as Anon and was also held at the same prison before he was released on bail on October 21.

  • Panupong “Mike Rayong” Jaadnok: A student protest leader, age 24, from Ramkhamhaeng University. He leads an activist organization in Rayong.

    He was first detained by the police in Rayong for criticizing the government for allowing Egyptian soldiers to enter the province. One of them was later found to be infected with Covid-19.

    Mike was arrested with Anon on October 15. He faces two charges of sedition. His latest bail request was denied by the Appeal Court and he is now being held at Bangkok Remand Prison.

  • Parit “Penguin” Chiwarak: A political science student, age 22, from Thammasat University and co-leader of the United Front of Thammasat and Demonstration.

    As one of the founders of the Future Forward Party, he is seen as a key supporter of the progressive group but was not allowed to run as MP because he is underaged.

    Parit is the previous chairperson for the Student Union of Thailand and has been one of the most recognizable leaders of the student protest movement. He was first arrested on sedition charges on August 14. His Thammasat movement was the first group to announce a ten-point motion to reform the institution.

    He is currently facing at least 18 criminal charges including two sedition charges for the Thammasat rally on August 10 where many speakers touched upon the monarchy.
    His latest bail request was denied by the Appeal Court and he is now being held at Bangkok Remand Prison.
  • Panusaya “Rung” Sithijirawattanakul: A student protest leader, age 22, from the “Dome Revolution Party”, a student union political party from Thammasat University. She is also a co-founder of the United Front of Thammasat and Demonstration.

    She was the first person to read out the ten-point manifesto on August 10.

    She made headlines for being the protest representative to hand a letter to the privy council during a mass demonstration.

    Rung was first arrested for sedition after the crackdown on pro-democracy protestors near the Government House on October 15. Her latest bail request was denied by the Appeal Court and is now being held at the Central Women Correctional Institution.
  • Nutchanon Pairoj: A disabled student from Thammasat University who is the current leader of the Dome Revolution Party at the university and the current chairperson of the Student Union of Thailand.

    He is also the co-leader of the United Front of Thammasat and Demonstration along with Penguin and Rung. He was arrested after the crackdown near the Government House and was held at Thanyaburi District Prison before he was released on bail on October 20.
  • Jatupat “Pai Daodin” Boonpattararaksa: A human rights defender and leader of a student activist group in the northeast called Daodin Commoners, age 29. He was arrested in 2016 for the violation of Section 112 of the Criminal Code or lèse majesté for sharing a BBC Thai profile of King Maha Vajiralongkorn on Facebook.

    He was released on a royal pardon after spending more than two and a half years in jail in May 2019. He continued to be politically active before becoming one of the leaders of the Free People Movement.

    He was arrested again on October 13 and charged with sedition before being released on bail on October 23.
      
  • Tatthep “Ford” Ruangprapaikitseri: A 23-year-old LBGTQ activist and a political science student who recently graduated from Chulalongkorn University. He is the secretary-general and leader of the Free Youth Movement.

    The movement played an important role in uniting and mobilizing youth that wished to join the latest pro-democracy movement. He was arrested on August 26 for sedition and other charges related to organizing the rally on July 18. He is now out on bail.
  • Panumas “James” Singprom: An LBGTQ activist and co-founder of the Free Youth Movement.

    He was arrested on the same day as Ford on August 26 for sedition and charged with sedition. He is now out on bail.
  • Somyot Pruksakasemsuk: A former editor of Voice of Taksin magazine and political activist who was arrested for lèse majesté in 2011. He later spent seven years in jail before he was released in 2018. 

    He continues to be politically active, especially in calling for an investigation into missing Thai dissidents abroad, including the latest forced-disappearance case of Wanchalearm Satsaksit, a pro-democracy activist who went missing in June 2020.

    Somyot joined the movement in July and was arrested on October 16. His latest request for bail has been denied and he is now being held at the Bangkok Remand Prison.
  • Acting Police Sub-Lieutenant Chatchai Kaewkumpod: A lawyer who ran for MP with the now-dissolved Future Forward Party and member of the Ubon New Gen Democracy group.

    He was arrested on October 17 for speaking at the pro-democracy rally in Ubon Ratchathani on August 22. He was released on the same day of his arrest.
  • Shinawut Chankrajang: A co-leader of the Nonthaburi New Generation Network, age 28. He was arrested on October 18 for organizing and making speeches at a pro-democracy rally in Nonthaburi on September 10. He was released on bail on the same day as his arrest.
  • Patiwat “Molam Bank” Saraiyaem: A singer and a stage actor from Sakon Nakhon who was arrested for lèse majesté in 2014 for playing in a stage show called “The Wolf Bride”.

    He was released in 2016 but remained politically active before joining the Free People Movement. He was arrested again on October 19 for joining the September 19 rally. He is now being held at Bangkok Remand Prison.
  • Dechathorn “Hockey” Bamrungmuang: A founder and rapper from the Rap Against Dictatorship band, famous for the song, ประเทศกูมี. He was arrested on August 19 for sedition and several other charges related to a pro-democracy protest on July 18. He is now out on bail.
  • Thanayut “Book” Na Ayuthaya: A rapper from Eleven Finger, age 19. He was arrested on August 19 for sedition and several other charges related to the pro-democracy protest on July 18. He is now out on bail.
  • Baramee Chaiyarat: A political activist and adviser to the Assembly of the Poor, an NGO that aims to be a political voice for people living in rural areas around the country.

    Baramee was seen helping the student protest leaders organizing various rallies before he was arrested on August 19 for sedition and several other charges related to the pro-democracy protest on July 18. He is now out on bail.
  • Suwanna Tarnlek: A labor activist from the ‘June 24 for Democracy Group.’ She was arrested on August 19 for sedition and several other charges related to the pro-democracy protest on July 18. She is now out on bail.
  • Korakot Saengyenphan: A Kasetsart University history graduate and a political activist from the Democracy Restoration Group. She was arrested on August 19 for sedition and several other charges related to the pro-democracy protest on July 18. She is now out on bail.
  • Totsaporn Sinsoombun: A university student and one of the leaders of the Free Youth Movement. He was arrested on August 19 for sedition and several other charges related to the pro-democracy protest on July 18. He is now out on bail.

  • Thanee Sasom: A university student and one of the leaders of the Free Youth Movement. He was arrested on August 19 for sedition and several other charges related to the pro-democracy protest on July 18. He is now out on bail.

  • Nattawut Somboonsap: A university student and one of the leaders of the Free Youth Movement. He was arrested on August 19 for sedition and several other charges related to the pro-democracy protest on July 18. He is now out on bail.

Three people have been charged with violation of Section 110 of the criminal code for a confrontation between protesters and a royal motorcade on October 14 and October 23:

  • Ekkachai Hongkangwan: A political activist and former 112 prisoner who was sentenced to more than three years in prison in 2013 for selling copies of an Australian documentary about the royal family and WikiLeaks documents.

    After his release in 2017, he was subject to repeated attacks (more than ten times in the last year alone) by unknown perpetrators. None of the culprits were arrested. Most of the attacks occurred either during or after his, normally solo, protest campaigns against Section 112, the Computer Crimes Act, and alleged corruption cases against the military.

    Ekkachai, 45, joined the latest pro-democracy movement and was making speeches at some of the sites in calling for the investigation into missing dissidents. He was then arrested on October 16 and charged with the violation of Section 110 for allegedly blocking the royal motorcade containing the queen.

    Eyewitnesses and videos along with local and foreign news agencies have reported that Ekkachai was not attempting to block the royal motorcade at all. However, the Criminal Court has denied his request for bail. He is now being held at the Bangkok Remand Prison.
  • Bunkueanun “Francis” Paothon: A second-year international relations student from Mahidol University International College. He is the founder and Co-Chair of the Coalition of Salaya Students.

    He was arrested on the same day and for the same reason as Ekkachai.

    However, eyewitnesses say that Francis was not attempting to block the royal motorcade at all and that he was actually using a microphone to calm the protestors down before the motorcade passed through the crowd.

    He is now out on bail.
  • Suranat Paenprasert: A 35-year-old coordinator of the Active Youth group. Suranat denies that he was attempting to block the royal motorcade as he does not know that the motorcade would be passing through the protestors near the Government House on that day.

    He has been denied bail.

Others:

Apart from the 24 that have been charged with 116 and 110, at least 60 other protestors have been charged for joining the pro-democracy protests between October 13 and October 24, according to TLHR and Amnesty International.

Many of them were found to have violated the severe state of emergency decree which forbids the gathering of more than five people. Among those charged are two children, aged 16 and 17, and they will be prosecuted even though the severe state of emergency decree was lifted last Thursday.

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