382 charged over pro-democracy rallies: an overview

More than 380 pro-democracy protestors have been charged with offences in connection with political rallies since last year, according to the Thai Lawyers for Human Rights (TLHR), an NGO that has been helping accused activists and university students.

A total of 382 people have been charged in 223 cases over the past seven months between July 17 and February 28, including 13 people under the age of 18, TLHR said.

The accusations, which include some people charged with several offences, are as follows:

  • 60 people are charged with lese majeste in violation of Section 112 of the Criminal Code, which carries a jail sentence of three to 15 years.
  • 99 people are charged with sedition in violation of Section 116 of the Criminal Code, which carries a jail sentence of up to seven years.
  • 125 people are charged with conspiracy to conduct violence in violation of Section 215 of the Criminal Code. If any of the offenders carries an arm, all the offenders shall be punished with imprisonment not exceeding two years or a fine not exceeding 4,000 baht, or both.
  • 301 people are charged with the violation of the emergency decree orders in Bangkok.
  • 84 people are charged with violation of the Public Assembly Act, which was drafted by the previous junta in 2015.

Of the 223 cases, 35 cases have been resolved where the accused agreed to pay their fine and there was no jail term involved.

Right now, nine people including four protest leaders from the Ratsadon protest group, namely Parit “Penguin” Chiwarak, Anon Nampa, Somyot Pruksakasemsuk and Patiwat “Morlum Bank” Saraiyeam, are being held at Bangkok Ramand Prison awaiting trial.

Penguin and Anon are facing 17 and 11 lese-majeste charges respectively. Their bail requests have been denied for four times since they were arrested on February 9.

Apart from the four detained protest leaders, the other five individuals incarcerated without bail were protestors who attacked a police detention vehicle at the Prachachuen Police Station on October 30.

The vehicle was holding Penguin and another protest leader from Ratsadon, Panupong “Mike” Jadnok, at the time. The five protestors have been detained since February 24, when their bail was denied.

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